Prevention

The Lithuanian Drug Strategy prioritises the prevention of drug use in the family, among children and youths. In 2011 the Resolution of the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania, On Targeted Policy of Prevention and Control of Drugs, Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption, prioritised the development of mature values and building of skills for a healthy life among children and young people through integrated and evidence based prevention programmes. Drug prevention projects are focused mainly on universal prevention in local communities and schools, aiming to protect young people from drug use.

 Quite many programmes and methodological materials to develop life and social skills of children were prepared for Lithuanian educational establishments which are available for all educational establishments (Table 1): The Ministry of Education and Sciences implements the universal prevention programme Prevention of Use of Alcohol, Tobacco and Psychoactive Substances, which was instigated in more than 977 schools in 2013.

In 2013, the programme for development of life skills for1-8 grade schoolchildren “Development of a Healthy Lifestyle“ was implemented in 490 schools, the programme for primary schoolchildren “Development of Life Skills” was implemented in 521 schools, the programme for 5-8 grade schoolchildren - in 431 schools, for 9-10 grade schoolchildren – in 390 schools.

 In 2013, a number of other prevention programmes were implemented in schools in Lithuania. The programme “Zippy's Friends” was implemented in 386 schools. 23 schools started the implementation of the prevention programme against aggression and taunts “Apple's Friends“ which is the continuation of the programme “Zippy's Friends”. The programme “Second Step“ was implemented in 294 schools. 183 schools implemented the programme for development of social skills for juveniles “The Bridges“, 182 schools – the early prevention programme for children 7-9 years of age oriented towards development of child and family's social skills, and 180 schools guided their activities for development of social skills for primary schoolchildren following the Guide of Social Skills.

It is very important to involve parents of schoolchildren into the activities of psychoactive substance prevention. Several programmes for parents are available through school settings, and these mainly focus on improving parenting and communication skills. According to data of the Ministry of Education and Science in 2013 the Training Programme on prevention of psychoactive substance use for parents of schoolchildren was implemented in 104 schools, and “Parent effectiveness training” (P.E.T.) programme was implemented in 9 schools.

 

Table 1.Implementation of the programmes for Life skills education and programmes for prevention of psychoactive substance use n Lithuanian schools in 2010-2013

 

No.

Name of the programme

Number of schools implementing the Programme

2010

2011

2012

2013

1.   

Programme for Prevention of Use of Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Psychoactive Substances,approved by the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania Resolution No. ISAK-494 of 17 March 2006 (Official Gazette, 2006, No.33-1197)

964

953

950

977

2.   

Human Security Framework Programme,approved by the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania Resolution No. V-1159 of 18 July 2012

 

 

 

803

3.   

Health Education Framework Programme, approved by the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania Resolution No. V-1290 of 31 August 2012

 

 

 

520

4.   

Healthy Lifestyle Education - Life skills education Programme for Schoolchildren (forms 1 – 8)

610

554

564

490

5.   

Programme for Life Skills Education(primary school). L. Bulotaite, V. Gudzinskiene, O. Rugeviciene. 2004

392

479

483

521

6.   

Programme for Life Skills Education(forms 5 - 8). L. Bulotaite, V. Gudzinskiene, A. Davidaviciene. 2005

367

428

428

431

7.   

Programme for Life Skills Education(forms 9 - 10). L. Bulotaite, V. Gudzinskiene, I. Pilkauskiene. 2005

268

329

365

390

8.   

Zippy‘s Friends- Early Prevention and Socio-Emotional Development Programme for Children Aged 5-7 Years

281

320

312

386

9.   

Second Step-Programme of Socio-Emotional Skills Development for Schoolchildren (forms 1 – 4)

181

225

236

294

10. 

Programme Bridges– Social Skills Development Programme for Teenagers. N. Struliene, 2007

178

189

204

183

11. 

Let‘s Pass Together– early prevention programme oriented towards child and family’s social skills development for children aged 7 - 9

91

121

161

182

12. 

Social Skills Guide to Develop Skills in Primary Forms.S.Kemerienė, R.Mazūrienė, A.Petronis and others.

 

139

146

180

13. 

Crossroads of TeensLions Quest Programme of Life skills education (forms 5 - 8).

66

84

86

112

14. 

Snowball- Programme for prevention of psychoactive substance useand social skills development for schoolchildren (forms 8-12)

129

114

99

97

15. 

UNPLUGGED- programme for prevention of tobacco, alcohol and drug use for schoolchildren aged 12-14 (Association Mentor LIETUVA)

35

16

40

46

16. 

‘Linas’- help to children- programme for prevention of psychoactive substance usefor children aged 6-12 (15)

67

55

49

39

17. 

„Apple friends“ - early prevention program for children 7-9 years

 

 

 

23

18. 

Implementation of alcohol and other drug use prevention in education establishments applying scientific achievements in sobriology

40

20

26

20

19. 

SEAL - Social and emotional aspects of learning, UK

 

 

7

1

20. 

Training Programmeon prevention of psychoactive substance use for parents of schoolchildren approved by Order No. (1.3) V-263 adopted by the Director of the Center of Special Pedagogy and Psychology on 29 December 2007

125

112

101

104

21. 

Gordon Training InternationalParent Effectiveness Training (P.E.T.)

5

4

3

9

Information source: Ministry of Education and Science, 2014.

 

Accreditation of prevention programmes

 

The Centre of Special Pedagogy and Psychology together with six partners implements the state planning project Development of a Safe Environment in Schoolwith the aim to develop a safe environment in school. The Project commencement date is January 3, 2012 and the end date – January 3, 2015. For the implementation of the Project activities the Procedural Profile Concerning Accreditation of Prevention Programmes was prepared and approved by Decree No. (1.3)V-404, 12 November 2012, of the Director of the Centre of Special Pedagogy and Psychology. In compliance with this document programmes for the implementation in secondary schools and focusing on prevention of violence, suicides, abuse, human trafficking, use of alcohol, tobacco and other psychoactive substances, HIV/AIDS or violations of law are accredited, as well as programmes for socio-emotional development and development of life skills. The purpose of accreditation of prevention programmes is to evaluate and select effective prevention programmes. The selected programmes are financed from the funds of the Project Development of a Safe Environment in School.

In February – March 2013, an invitation to submit prevention programmes for accreditation was extended. In total 17 prevention programmes were received for accreditation in the following prevention areas: development of social skills, alcohol, tobacco and psychoactive substance use, violations of law, also programmes for parents of schoolchildren. All received programmes were forwarded for evaluation. The accreditation commission taking into account observations and proposals by the independent evaluators decided to accredit 7 prevention programmes (Table 2).

The accreditation process of prevention programmes shall continue through the entire Project implementation period. Prevention programmes for accreditation may be submitted by legal entities and natural persons possessing the copyright of the prevention programme or possessing the right to implement the prevention programme in Lithuania.

 

Table 2. Accredited prevention programmes

Name of programme

Executors of programme

Detailed information about programme

Programme for development of socio- emotional skills “The Second Step“

Public Institution „Paramos vaikams centras" / Centre for Support to Children

http://www.pvc.lt/second-stephttp://www.pvc.lt/second-step

Early prevention programme “Apple's Friends“

Public Institution „Vaiko labui" / For the Sake of the Child

http://www.vaikolabui.lt/?page_id=3035http://www.vaikolabui.lt/?page_id=3035

 

Early prevention programme “Zip's Friends"

Public Institution „Vaiko labui" / For the Sake of the Child

http://www.vaikolabui.lt/?page_id=10http://www.vaikolabui.lt/?page_id=10

 

Training Programme for Parents STEP

Dr. Jolita Jonyniene

http://www.stepgrupes.lt/step-programa/apie-step/http://www.stepgrupes.lt/step-programa/apiestep/

Educational Programme for Control of Expression of Child's Emotions

Public Institution „Šeimos santykių institutas" / Institute of Family Relationship

http://www.ssinstitut.lt/lt/visiems/programos/vaiko-emociniu-kompetenciju-ugdymas-2/http://www.mentor.lt/lt/veikla/mentorystes-programa/

Programme for Prevention of psychoactive substance use “Live"

Association „Mentor Lietuva"

http://www.mentor.lt/lt/veikla/mentorystes-programa/http://www.mentor.lt/lt/veikla/mentorystes-programa/

“Mentoring"

Association „Mentor Lietuva"

http://www.mentor.lt/lt/veikla/mentorystes-programa/http://www.mentor.lt/lt/veikla/mentorystes-programa/

 

Selective and indicated prevention activities in Lithuania have been targeted mainly at recreational settings, such as nightclubs and children from at-risk families. A number of schools offer a special programme to children whose parents use psychoactive substances. In recreational settings prevention activities are primarily initiated by the police, while nightclubs tend to apply measures such as safety checks at the entrance, limiting the entry of under aged young people, and maintaining a safe physical environment.

Last updated: 04-03-2016
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